Hastings Jumpouts 22 Apr 2014
Stratum Strike, Queenofharpz and a Road To Rock two-year-old were three of the most impressive winners at jumpouts held on the Hastings track this morning.
The jumpouts were held up against the running rail on the course proper, which provided heavy footing.
Stratum Strike contested one of the five 1000-metre heats and won by half a length in a time of 1:3.7. She is a mare by Stratum in the Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen stable and recorded one win from eight starts in Australia.
Queenofharpz, prepared by John Bary, scored a 3 length win in one of the three 750-metre heats and clocked 47.6s. She is a two-year-old filly by Fully Fledged and a half-sister to the speedy mare Starguru.
A Road To Rock two-year-old trained by Patrick Campbell won the first heat over 750 metres in 47.8s and, although the winning margin was only a nose, he looked to be doing it easily at the finish.
Heat 1, 750m: Road To Rock 2yr-old gelding (C Studd) 1, Roc de Cambes 2yr-old filly 2, Time Thief 2-yr-old gelding 3. Four starters. Margins: Nose, ¾ length. Time: 47.8. Winner trained by Patrick Campbell, Hastings.
Heat 2, 750m: Queenofharpz (M Stowe) 1, Tavistock 2yr-old filly 2, Elusive City-Inzabeel filly 3. Three starters. Margins: 3 lengths, 4-1/2 lengths. Time: 47.6. Winner trained by John Bary, Hastings.
Heat 3, 750m: Savabeel 4yr-old gelding (C Anderson) 1, Iechyd Da 2, Howbaddouwantit 3yr-old gelding 3. Four starters. Margins: 1-1/2 lengths, 6 lengths. Time: 47.1. Winner trained by Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen, Hastings.
Heat 4, 1000m: Merlin (C Studd) 1, Labill 2, Mastercraftsman-Curbyourenthusiasm 2yr-old filly 3. Four starters. Margins: Head, 2-1/2 lengths. Time: 1:3.3. Winner trained by Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen, Hastings
Heat 5, 1000m: Stratum Strike (C Anderson) 1, Barmasai 2, Hawkeye Chief 3. Five starters. Margins: ½ length, 2-1/2 lengths. Time: 1:3.7. Winner trained by Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen, Hastings.
Heat 6, 1000m: Coz I’m Lucky (C Anderson) 1, Strategic Image 3yr-old 2, Viking Ruler 3yr-old gelding 3. Five starters. Margins: ½ length, 2 lengths. Winner trained by Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen, Hastings.
Heat 7, 1000m: Notionannigans (M Stowe) 1, Casino Lass 2, Zed 4yr-old gelding 3. Four starters. Margins: Long head, 2 lengths. Winner trained by John Bary, Hastings.
Heat 8, 1000m: Lavish Prince (C Anderson) 1, Sunday’s News 2, Single Girl 3. Four runners. Margins: Neck, 1-1/4 lengths. Time: 1:4.5. Winner trained by Guy Lowry & Grant Cullen, Hastings.
Some of the best have won the HB Cup 16 Apr 2014
Saturday’s Hastings race meeting will feature the running of the time-honoured Hawke’s Bay Cup, a race that for years was one of the most prestigious events on the New Zealand racing calendar and one that local horses, trainers and owners have achieved great success in.
The history behind the Hawke’s Bay Cup dates back to 1860, when the race was worth 100 guineas and run at the Greenmeadows track in Napier. The first running was won by a horse called Hurricane.
The first Hawke’s Bay Cup run by the Hawke’s Bay Jockey Club was in 1888 and it has been staged on the Hastings track ever since.
Over the years the race has been won by some of the best middle distance and staying horses to have graced the New Zealand turf, especially in the last 60 years.
Hi-Jinx won the 1960 Hawke’s Bay Cup before going on to win that year’s Melbourne Cup. The 1963 New Zealand Derby winner Royal Duty won the Hawke’s Bay Cup two years later. Elkayel won it in 1964 before finishing second behind Polo Prince in that year’s Melbourne Cup. Glengowan won it in 1972 and then went down by a long head when second to Gala Supreme in the 1973 Melbourne Cup.
Fury’s Order won it as a three-year-old in 1974 and went on to win the New Zealand Cup as well as the Cox Plate in Australia. Stylish Dude won it in 1983 and went on to win the Auckland Cup the following year. Marlon won the 1986 Hawke’s Bay Cup before taking out that year’s Brisbane Cup.
Mr Brooker was successful in 1990 before finishing third in both the MacKinnon Stakes and Melbourne Cup that year. Surfer’s Paradise won the 1991 Cox Plate in Melbourne and then came back to New Zealand and won the Hawke’s Bay Cup in 1993 while Pillage ‘N Plunder won both the Hawke’s Bay Cup-Adelaide Cup double in 2003 and Envoy took out the Hawke’s Bay Cup in 2005 and the Wellington Cup the following year.
Hawke’s Bay owned or trained horses and have had great success in the Hawke’s Bay Cup in the past 50 years.
Key, bred and raced by one of Hawke’s Bay’s most successful thoroughbred owners in T.C. (Tom) Lowry, won the 1963 Hawke’s Bay Cup ridden by Johnny Anderson, a leading Hastings jockey at that time who now resides at the Mary Doyle Rest Home in Havelock North.
Another top Hastings jockey of the 1960s and 1970s, Bruce Marsh, rode Tolka to win the Hawke’s Bay Centennial Cup in 1966 and is now a successful trainer in Singapore while Chris McNab was based in Hastings when he rode Harp to victory in 1978 and has also gone on to be a successful trainer.
Dalvui, bred and owned by Boy Symes and trained on the Hastings track by Davey Jones won the 1967 cup aided by a superb ride by legendary jockey Bill Skelton.
Lavaro gave Hawke’s Bay brothers Brian and Peter Morrison their biggest moment in racing when winning the Hawke’s Bay Cup in 1980 and the following year San Juan, trained by Judy Symes, credited her husband Boy with a second Hawke’s Bay Cup success when he won in the hands of Hastings apprentice Rodney Lowry.
Shamrock, owned by the then Wairoa-based Rob Mulcaster, won the cup in 1982 while Rex and Jean Berkhan’s game mare Olene took the race out in 1984.
Hastings trainer Davey Jones notched a second Hawke’s Bay Cup win when Whitole, owned by Havelock North’s Digby Hylton-Smith and Gisborne’s Graeme Hansen, won the race in 1985 and the following year Rob Mulcaster also picked up a second win in the race when Marlon, a horse he raced with good friend Jim O’Conner, was successful.
Mr Brooker, who won the 1990 Hawke’s Bay Cup, was part-owned by Hastings man David Pearce while the 2002 cup winner, Gordon’s, was bred at Hawke’s Bay’s Keltern Stud and raced by Sam and Birdie Kelt and Sue and Stuart Foote.
The 2003 Hawke’s Bay Cup winner Pillage ‘N Plunder was prepared by Te Horo trainer John Kiernan and raced by him along with five Hawke’s Bay people, John Best, Nino D’Esposito, Bruce Lumsden, Gary Rae and Ivan Roswell.
Royal Secret credited Woodville-based Peter Hurdle with his biggest training success when winning the 2004 Hawke’s Bay Cup for another group of Hawke’s Bay owners, brothers Graeme and John Thompson, Warren Braush and Peter Dawson.
Hastings owner-trainer Tim Symes emulated his mother and father when he produced The Veep, part-owned by his son Wilfred, to win the cup in 2008 while Don Domingo, part-owned by Napier accountant Paddy Murphy, was successful in 2011.
Last year’s Hawke’s Bay Cup was run in driving rain and saw Survived, prepared by Hastings trainer John Bary, triumph over Boninsky and another Hastings-trained runner in Double O Seven.
Survived gave veteran Hawke’s Bay thoroughbred breeder Don Gordon his biggest moment in racing up to that stage. The 81-year-old former Hawke’s Bay Jockey Club committeeman, bred and owns Survived who is by Zed out of the Generous mare Liberal.
There are two Hawke’s Bay-trained horses in this Saturday’s Group 3 $70,000 Hawke’s Bay Cup, Intransigent and Second Hope.
Intransigent is trained at Waipukurau by Kirsty Lawrence and she and her husband Steve share in the ownership of the horse while Second Hope will be looking to give his Hastings owner-trainer Tim Symes a second win in the race.
The Hawke’s Bay Cup will be race eight on a nine-race programme at Hastings on Saturday and is down to start at 4.16pm. The first race is timed for 12.05pm.
Taking on the Aussies
Hastings stablemates Recite and Miss Selby have both drawn barrier nine in their $A1million races in Sydney this Saturday.
The John Bary-trained pair are reported to have thrived since arriving in Sydney last weekend as they get ready to take on Australia’s best fillies and mares on the second day of the rich The Championships at Randwick.
Recite will contest the Group 1 Queen Of The Turf Stakes, a weight-for-age race over 1600 metres, where she will come up against the outstanding Chris Waller-trained mares Red Tracer and Catkins and another in-form New Zealand-trained mare in Viadana.
Recite finished a game second behind the Lance Noble-trained Viadana in the Group 1 New Zealand Thoroughbred Breeders Stakes (1600m) at Te Aroha a fortnight ago and Bary said after that race that he felt there was still plenty of improvement in the three-year-old filly.
The Randwick track is presently rated heavy and Recite has yet to race on heavy footing. However she has had two starts on a slow tracks for one win.
The track conditions should not bother Miss Selby, who will line up in the Group 1 Australian Oaks (2400m).
The O’Reilly filly won a trial on a heavy track at Foxton at the beginning of this season and ran second on a dead-4 track at Taupo in her race debut.
John Bary said the filly was a little bit jarred up after her last start second behind Miss Mossman in the New Zealand Oaks (2400m) at Trentham on March 15 which is why he has not given her another race before Saturday’s big test. However he is pleased with her progress, saying she has been working the best she has ever done.
Top Australian jockey Glen Boss has been booked to ride both Recite and Miss Selby at Randwick on Saturday.
Miss Mossman will again be one of Miss Selby’s rivals, along with the New Zealand-trained Rising Romance and Lucia Valentina.
Hastings-based Ian Henderson and his son Paul, who lives in Perth, have been awarded the Hawke’s Bay Racehorse Owners by-monthly award for the months of February and March.
The pair race the promising three-year-old Wait A Sec, who recorded an impressive maiden win over 1200 metres at Wanganui on February 14 and followed that up with a close second behind the highly regarded Kawi over 1400 metres at Trentham on March 15.
Ian Henderson bred Wait A Sec, who is by Postponed out of Security, and he is trained at Woodville by James Bridge.
HASTINGS TRACKWORK 15 Apr 2014
Commett suggested he could be ready to show a return to form at this Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting by turning in a strong gallop at this morning’s Hastings track session.
Most fast work was carried out on the plough, which provided slushy footing after more than 80 millimetres of rain since the weekend.
A penetrometer reading was taken on the course proper during the session and came up as a slow-9.
Commett looked to be travelling slightly better than stablemate Rosehip at the end of 1200 metres on the plough in 1:20.2, the last 600 in 37.7.
Commett has now had two starts in a new campaign for a ninth over 1400 metres and an eighth over 1600 and both times he has been slow to begin. He will contest the Rating 85 1600 at Hastings on Saturday and the likelihood of a rain affected track will help his chances.
Rosehip is also likely to line up on Saturday, in the Rating 75 race over 2500 metres. She found track conditions too firm for her when seventh in last month’s New Zealand St Leger (2500m) at Trentham and has since finished seventh again over 2100 metres at Awapuni.
Malrose turned in one of the quickest times of the morning when running 1000 metres on the plough in 1:3.5, the last 600 in 36.8 while Tradtri worked well on his own over the same distance in 1:6.8, the last 600 in 37.5. They are both down to start at Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting, with Malrose in the Rating 85 1600 and Tradtri in the Rating 65 1600.
Shezgorgeous, a contender for the 1200-metre open sprint at Hastings on Saturday, worked on her own over 800 metres on the plough in 53.1, the last 600 in 38.3 while Hawke’s Bay Cup entrant Second Hope ended 1000 metres at three-quarter pace with the last 600 in 42.2.
Saint Kitt had trainer Kelly Burne aboard when running an easy two rounds on the plough, quickening slightly over the last 800 metres in 53.4 and final 600 in 39. He will be entered for the Hawke’s Bay Cup but may not start of track conditions are too testing.
Boudica and Knights Princess, two horses from the John Bary stable, also turned in a quick gallop when running 800 metres together in 50.1, the last 600 in 36.8.
Burgundian looked to be working strongly on the outside of Mahora Gold at the end of 800 metres on the plough and was timed to run the last 600 in 38.
Decorum and King Of Rock were the only horses timed on the No.1 grass (slow) and both were eased down towards the finish of their 1000 metres in 1:4.4, the last 600 in 37.2.
Pit A Pat seemed to get through the wet conditions okay when sprinting 800 metres on the plough in 50.9, the last 600 in 36.3 while her stablemate Need A Diamond took 1:7.6 for a solo 1000 metres, the last 600 in 37.8.
Colourful Lady, a likely starter in the Rating 75 1400-metre race at Hastings on Saturday, clocked 54.8 for 800 metres, the last 600 in 40.4 while Whoopi Gee ended her work with an easy 600 metres in 41.
Savanite and Hesalljazz, two other likely runners at Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting, worked together over 1000 metres in 1:4.4, the last 600 in 38.1. Savanite will contest the Rating 65 1600 while Hesalljazz is in the Maiden 1600.
Viceroy clocked 55.7 for an easy 800 metres, the last 600 in 40.2 and is likely to resume in the Rating 65 1200 at Hastings on Saturday.
The Innkeeper ran an easy 1000 metres in 1:10.6, the last 600 in 41.7 while Swinging was only doing three-quarter pace over 800 metres, the last 600 in 43.7.
An Elusive City-Inzabeel two-year-old filly took 40.4 for 600 metres while a Keeper five-year-old mare and a Howbaddouwantit three-year-old gelding ended their work with 600 metres in 41.6.
HASTINGS TRACKWORK 3 Apr 2014
Tradtri rounded off his preparation for Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting with a good solo gallop at this morning’s Hastings track session.
Fast work was confined to the plough, which provided soft footing.
Tradtri worked in from the 1000-metre peg in 1:10.5, speeding up over the last 600 in 36.8. He found 1200 metres too short at Awapuni last Saturday and steps up to 1400 metres this weekend. Buddy Lammas is again the rider.
His stablemate Centarose is also entered for the same race and this morning she ran a solo 1000 metres in 1:9.3, the last 600 in 37.5. David Walker has been booked to tide her.
Saint Kitt had trainer Kelly Burne aboard when running an easy 1000 metres in 1:9.3, the last 600 in 39.2. He hasn’t raced since finishing sixth in the Auckland Cup (3200m) on March 5 but should be ready to produce a good effort in the Rating 85 2100-metre race at Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting. David Walker has also been booked to ride him.
Second Hope worked over 1000 metres on his own in 1:7.1, the last 600 in 39.2 and he will not start again until the Hawke’s Bay Cup (2200m) on April 19.
King Of Rock worked over two rounds, speeding up over the last 1200 metres on the second round in 1:22.6, the last 600 in 38.8. He is second on the ballot for the Rating 65 2000-metre race at Hastings on Saturday.
Decorum, who makes her race debut in the Maiden 1400-metre race at Saturday’s Hawke’s Bay meeting, had trainer Sue Thompson aboard when running 1000 metres in 1:7.1, the last 600 in 38.3.
Chess King, another making his race debut at Hastings on Saturday, worked in from the 1000-metre peg and was time to run the last 800 in 51.7, the final 600 in 38.2 while Stratum Strike sprinted 600 metres in 36.8.
Mahora Gold was let off with an easy 1000 metres, the last 600 in 42 while a Don Eduardo two-year-old gelding trained by David Goldsbury ended his work with 600 metres in 39.3.
A Time Thief two-year-old gelding and one by Roc de Cambes, both trained by Greg Griffin, worked together over 600 metres in 39.1 while Dukebox and Need A Diamond ran an easy 800 metres, the last 600 in 44.9.
Smith Stakes still on the agenda for Irish Fling 2 Apr 2014
Hastings-trained Irish Fling is still a likely runner in the Group 1 $A2.5million T J Smith Stakes at Randwick tomorrow week despite finishing at the tail of the field in the Galaxy Stakes at Rosehill last weekend.
The Darci Brahma mare settled midfield in the early stages of the 1100-metre feature but was clearly under pressure coming to the home turn and dropped out to finish last of the 13 runners.
The horse’s co-trainer Guy Lowry was back at the Hastings track on Tuesday and said it was more the heavy state of the Rosehill track than a lack of ability that attributed to the mare’s disappointing run.
“Her rider Mark Du Plessis was confident she would have measured up against those top Australian sprinters but said she just didn’t handle the heavy track,” Lowry said.
“She finished second on a slow track at Woodville one day as a maiden but she’d never raced on a heavy track before and it was really puggy.
“All her best races have been on good tracks and she just couldn’t quicken in that ground.”
Lowry, who prepares Irish Fling in partnership with Grant Cullen, said the mare pulled up well after the race and they intend to push on with plans to run her in the T J Smith Stakes, which is a weight-for-age event over 1200 metres.
“That’s the race that we’ve set her for and we would like to run her in that and then bring her home for a spell but the only thing is she might not make the field now,” Lowry added.
The T J Smith Stakes is likely to attract the cream of Australia’s sprinters, with the in-form trio of Lankan Rupee, Buffering and Snitzerland expected to be among the main chances.
If Irish Fling doesn’t make the field for that race then she could contest the Group 2 $A300,000 Drummond Golf Sapphire Stakes (1200m) at Randwick a week later.
The Darci Brahma mare has now had 17 starts and has recorded five wins, three seconds and a third. She beat New Zealand’s top sprinters in the Group 1 Telegraph Handicap (1200m) at Trentham in January and then finished an unlucky fourth in the Group 3 Darley Plate (1200m) at Ellerslie on March 1.
Borrack’s stunning return
Top jumper Borrack indicated he is in for another successful campaign over fences this winter with a winning return to racing on the flat at last week’s Wanganui meeting.
The Black Minnaloushe nine-year-old carried 62kg when scoring a dominant 2 length win in a 2040-metre jumpers’ flat.
Borrack is trained at Hunterville by the father and son combination of Adrian and Harry Bull and is raced by Adrian Bull in partnership with Havelock North’s Alistair Cuming.
The baldy-faced chestnut has now won 16 races and more than $200,000 in stakemoney. Four of his wins have been in steeplechase events, including one at Warrnambool in Australia, and he has also recorded eight wins over hurdles.
His last victory before last week was when he led all the way in a 4000-metre steeplechase at Hastings in May of last year. He then contested the Hawke’s Bay Steeplechase (4800m) at Hastings the following month but was pulled up with 600 metres to run and a veterinary examination found he was lame in one of his forelegs.
The horse was then turned out for a lengthy spell with last week’s Wanganui run being his first on the comeback trail.
Model of consistency
Consistent mare Gwynethanne is certainly proving a great money-spinner for her Hastings part-owner Lindsay McIntosh.
The Handsome Ransom mare brought up her fourth win with another game performance in a $30,000 Rating 85 race at last Saturday’s Manawatu premier meeting and has also recorded two seconds, three thirds and three fourths from 17 starts. There has only been three occasions when the mare has not picked up a stakemoney cheque for her connections with last Saturday’s success taking her stake earnings to more than $51,000.
McIntosh is a member of a large group that share in the ownership of Gwynethanne and the mare is trained at Otaki by Karen Zimmerman.
In-form jockey Jonathan Parkes rode the perfect race aboard Gwynethanne last Saturday, settling the mare back in the last four in the early stages before improving her position coming to the home turn.
The Last Shower looked the likely winner when she shot to the front half-way up the home straight but Gwynethanne pulled out a bit extra to get up and snatch a half-head decision.
It was Parkes’ sixth winning ride in the space of four days after he kicked home five winners at Wanganui the previous Wednesday.
Zimmerman said she will now step Gwynethanne up in distance and is looking at running her in the Group 3 $70,000 Manawatu Breeders’ Stakes (2000m) at Awapuni tomorrow week.
HB Cup plans
Two Hastings-trained horses, Broadwalk and Saint Kitt, will be on trial for the Group 3 $70,000 Hawke’s Bay Cup (2200m) in a fortnight’s time when they clash in the Rating 85 race over 2100 metres at tomorrow’s Hawke’s Bay meeting.
The two promising stayers are both coming off impressive last start performances, Broadwalk finishing a good third over 1600 metres at Awapuni last Saturday and Saint Kitt finishing sixth in the Group 1 Auckland Cup (3200m) on March 5.
Broadwalk is prepared by Guy Lowry and Grant Cullen and has had nine starts for three wins, two seconds and two thirds. His third placing at Awapuni last Saturday was preceded by a hat-trick of wins.
He is a four-year-old gelding by Casino Prince out of a Stravinsky mare and gives every indication that he will excel over a middle distances.
Saint Kitt’s sixth placing in the Auckland Cup followed a close second over 2100 metres at Otaki in February. The Keeper four-year-old is trained by Kelly Burne and has a record of one win, two seconds, a third and four fourths from 17 starts.
Burne said she plans to enter Saint Kitt for both the Hawke’s Bay Cup and the Rating 75 race over 2500 metres at Hastings on April 19 but the horse is presently rated on 73 points and a win tomorrow would make him ineligible for the longer race.
Sydney trip beckons
Star Hastings-trained three-year-old Recite is on trial for a trip to Australia when she lines up in the Group 1 $200,000 New Zealand Thoroughbred Breeders’ Stakes (1600m) at tomorrow’s Te Aroha meeting.
Trainer John Bary wants to take the Darci Brahma filly to the rich Sydney autumn carnival and run her in the Group 1$A1million Queen Of The Turf Stakes (1600m) at Randwick on April 19.
“As long as she goes a good race at Te Aroha I think she will go to Sydney,” Bary said after the filly turned in an exceptional exhibition gallop between races at Waipukurau a fortnight ago.
Bary also gave Recite another exhibition gallop between races at last Saturday’s Manawatu meeting at Awapuni and she should be ready for another top performance tomorrow. She has drawn barrier four in the weight-for-age feature and will be ridden by Vinnie Colgan, with regular jockey Mark Du Plessis opting to ride Fix in the race.
- Latest News
- February 2020 (3)
- January 2020 (8)
- December 2019 (10)
- November 2019 (9)
- October 2019 (6)
- September 2019 (6)
- August 2019 (8)
- July 2019 (9)
- June 2019 (6)
- May 2019 (7)
- April 2019 (11)
- March 2019 (10)
- February 2019 (8)
- January 2019 (8)
- December 2018 (9)
- November 2018 (11)
- October 2018 (9)
- September 2018 (10)
- August 2018 (13)
- July 2018 (9)
- June 2018 (5)
- May 2018 (11)
- April 2018 (10)
- March 2018 (6)
- February 2018 (10)
- January 2018 (5)
- December 2017 (6)
- November 2017 (10)
- October 2017 (8)
- September 2017 (12)
- August 2017 (10)
- July 2017 (9)
- June 2017 (13)
- May 2017 (5)
- April 2017 (9)
- March 2017 (9)
- February 2017 (2)
- January 2017 (10)
- December 2016 (10)
- November 2016 (8)
- October 2016 (6)
- September 2016 (11)
- August 2016 (5)
- July 2016 (9)
- June 2016 (6)
- May 2016 (5)
- April 2016 (8)
- March 2016 (8)
- February 2016 (10)
- January 2016 (10)
- December 2015 (5)
- November 2015 (9)
- October 2015 (6)
- September 2015 (9)
- August 2015 (8)
- July 2015 (10)
- June 2015 (8)
- May 2015 (10)
- April 2015 (9)
- March 2015 (10)
- February 2015 (10)
- January 2015 (8)
- December 2014 (2)
- November 2014 (3)
- October 2014 (10)
- September 2014 (10)
- August 2014 (11)
- July 2014 (8)
- June 2014 (8)
- May 2014 (8)
- April 2014 (5)
- March 2014 (8)
- February 2014 (9)
- January 2014 (8)
- December 2013 (7)
- November 2013 (7)
- October 2013 (6)
- September 2013 (10)
- August 2013 (12)
- July 2013 (11)
- June 2013 (9)
- May 2013 (8)
- April 2013 (6)
- March 2013 (5)
- February 2013 (8)
- January 2013 (10)
- December 2012 (3)
- October 2012 (4)
- September 2012 (8)
- August 2012 (6)
- July 2012 (8)
- June 2012 (1)
- May 2012 (1)
- April 2012 (1)
- January 2012 (1)